One of Gulnara Karimova's November 21 Twitter missives.
After spending most of the day airing her family’s dirty laundry on Twitter – shedding light on the murky world of clan politics in Tashkent – Gulnara Karimova, the eldest daughter of long-serving strongman Islam Karimov, has gone quiet.
On November 21, Karimova again took to one of the few public channels she can still access, Twitter, to accuse her mother Tatyana of organizing the spectacular personal implosion that has riveted Central Asia watchers for the past month.
Within hours, the account @GulnaraKarimova, which is widely believed to be authentic, disappeared.
Karimova had earlier sent a series of tweets containing image files, each with a long text in Russian. EurasiaNet.org downloaded the nine image files before the account disappeared. One example can be found to the right.
Karimova tweeted that the "women in our family" resent her and are plotting against her. "I have long wanted to tell my mother about this...She has promised to destroy everything connected to me if I dare 'meddle in her affairs'!"
Karimova said the October arrest of her cousin Akbarali Abdullayev – sometimes described as her “purse” – had been ordered by her mother in a bid to take over Abdullayev’s business interests in the Ferghana Valley.
When Karimova tried to help her cousin by interceding with her father, she said, her mother
"snatched [his assets] and imprisoned him in October 2013 for an unknown period, promising to destroy me for this!"
It's no surprise Gulnara Karimova, the eldest daughter of Uzbekistan’s president, has enemies. Described as a “robber baron” by a leaked US diplomatic cable, she encourages speculation she wishes to succeed her father, 75-year-old Islam Karimov.
Now she says “they” have tried to kill her.
Amid mounting scandals in recent weeks – a public feud with her sister and a blackout at her media empire, for starters – Karimova tweeted on October 31 someone is trying to poison her and she knows who it is.
“[They’ve] already tried to poison me with heavy metals like mercury. Thank God, they have not killed me, although I am still receiving treatment,” she wrote, without elaborating.
Asked by a follower whether she knew who the culprit was, Karimova replied, “Yes.....”
She did not unmask the failed assassin. Many will assume the Tweet was yet another one of her attention-grabbing antics. But in recent days she has repeatedly attacked the head of the National Security Service, Rustam Inoyatov, whom she accuses of trying to seize power.
On October 29 Gulnara Karimova confirmed in a tweet that the Uzbek Agency for Communications and Information had closed four television channels she is believed to control for violating laws on the media, on advertising, on children, copyrights, licensing and so on. The stations regularly profile Karimova and her activities. Their shuttering robs her of a platform she uses to sculpt her image at home. Karimova has long been thought to crave the presidency after her 75-year-old father, Islam Karimov, moves on.
In response to a Twitter user’s question whether the reports were true, Karimova – using her handle @GulnaraKarimova – responded in her idiosyncratic Russian (translated here with an effort to retain the original style): “[H]owever silly this list sounds, but yes! How have you obtained this list? As far as I understand is this already part of the public domain?!”
On October 30, Radio Free Europe reported that bank accounts for the media holding company behind the stations, Terra Group, had been frozen and that the company’s accounting office had been “padlocked.” Rumors are also circulating that investigators are looking into embezzlement allegations at Karimova’s Fund Forum charity network.
In her inimitable style, Karimova is also using Twitter to address the reported rifts in her family and clashes with the powerful figures surrounding her father.
A nephew of Uzbekistan’s Islam Karimov, who was once tipped as a potential successor to the aging strongman, has been detained on suspicion of operating an organized crime ring.
Citing a source at the Fergana Region prosecutor's office, Uznews.net reported today that Akbarali Abdullayev, a son of the first lady's sister, was arrested October 10 on embezzlement, tax evasion and bribery charges.
"He is in a detention center in Tashkent at the moment. His arrest warrant has been sanctioned from on high," Uznews.net quoted the source as saying.
Abdullayev and his mother Tamara Sobirova, the president’s sister-in-law, are widely believed to control large swathes of the economy in Uzbekistan's Fergana Valley, including industrial giants like the Fergana oil refinery and a cement plant in Kyvasay.
In the summer of 2012, Abdullayev reportedly fled Uzbekistan following the arrests of several of his business associates on corruption charges. After Sobirova received guarantees her son was safe, Abdullayev returned in late 2012, Uznews.net said.
Prior to that drama, Abdullayev had been mooted, Uznews said, for a seat in parliament's upper chamber, the Senate (where the president has the right to appoint 16 of 100 members), and was sometimes tipped as a potential successor to Karimov.
Lola Karimova-Tillyaeva, the youngest daughter of Uzbekistan's strongman, says her socialite sister Gulnara Karimova has a “slim” chance of assuming the presidency after their father, Islam Karimov, departs from the political scene.
In an interview with the BBC Uzbek Service published on September 25, Karimova-Tillyaeva, 35, said she had not spoken to her sister in 12 years and said she learns about the near-constant scandals surrounding Gulnara from the media.
"I believe her chances are slim," Lola said of Gulnara's apparent ambitions to succeed their 75-year-old father.
Lola, Uzbekistan's permanent representative at UNESCO in Paris, distanced herself from her father’s human rights abuses and her sister’s corruption inquiries, explaining that she spends little time in the country.
Gulnara Karimova, 40, styles herself a pop star and fashion designer. Until recently she was Uzbekistan’s permanent representative to the United Nations in Geneva. She resigned in July after authorities in France searched several of her properties at the request of Swiss prosecutors investigating a money-laundering case involving her associates.
Gulnara has also been named in a corruption investigation in Sweden over Scandinavian telecoms giant TeliaSonera’s purchase of the rights to operate in Uzbekistan. The company denies wrongdoing.
Uzbekistan's President Islam Karimov, who is more known for jailing journalists than praising them, has warned that his country will end up on the "fringes of global progress" unless it wholeheartedly embraces the media.
Congratulating journalists on a Soviet-era holiday in their honor that is celebrated in Uzbekistan on June 27, Karimov hailed his country’s media as a "mirror of deep socio-political reforms and democratic renewal" and a "powerful force capable of changing the thinking and outlook of our people," the state-run UzA news agency quoted him as saying.
Though he didn’t go so far as to say that Uzbekistan needs a “free media,” the ideas are a bit out of character for the strongman who brooks no decent and jails journalists.
For the past several years Uzbekistan has been continuously ranked one of Reporters Without Borders’ “Enemies of the Internet” for censorship and online snooping. Freedom House ranked Uzbekistan 195 of 197 countries (just ahead of Turkmenistan and North Korea) in its most recent "Freedom of the Press" index because "independent media are either nonexistent or barely able to operate, the press acts as a mouthpiece for the regime, citizens’ access to unbiased information is severely limited, and dissent is crushed through imprisonment, torture, and other forms of repression."
In a rare public appeal, 12 leading US senators have urged Uzbekistan’s strongman to release a human rights activist and two journalists who are serving "politically motivated" prison sentences.
A bipartisan letter to President Islam Karimov, initiated by senators Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Mark Kirk (R-IL), and signed by prominent Republican senators John McCain and Marco Rubio among others, requested information about the "health and status" of human rights lawyer Agzam Turgunov and journalists Dilmurod Saidov and Salijon Abdurakhmanov, whose "continued detention is inconsistent with our countries' cooperation in many other areas and symbolic of a troubling pattern of harsh treatment for political prisoners" in Uzbekistan, the June 26 letter said.
Washington is generally cautious about criticizing Uzbekistan's rights record, activists say, as the country is critical to NATO's plans for evacuating Afghanistan by the end of next year. In recent years, Washington has softened its rights rhetoric and lifted some sanctions relating to Uzbekistan's poor human rights record.
All three prisoners, the senators believe, are being held on trumped-up charges: Turgunov, 61, was sentenced to 10 years in prison for extortion in 2008; Saidov, 51, received over 12 years for extortion and forgery in 2009, and Abdurakhmanov, 63, was imprisoned in 2008 for selling drugs.
Never known for compassion, the strongman president of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov, has lashed out at Uzbek migrant workers in Russia, calling them “lazy people” who “disgrace all of us” by looking for work abroad.
"I call lazy people those who go to Moscow and sweep its streets and squares. One feels disgusted with the fact that Uzbeks have to travel there for a piece of bread. Nobody is starving to death in Uzbekistan,” state-run television quoted Karimov as saying on June 20.
“The Uzbek nation's honor makes us different from others. Is not it better to die [than scrounge]? Therefore, I call lazy those people who disgrace all of us by wanting to make a lot of money faster there,” Karimov added (transcript from BBC Monitoring).
Easy for him to say. In Karimov’s breathtakingly corrupt dictatorship, major industries are allegedly controlled by a coterie of senior government officials and their families. Unemployment and underemployment are rife and Karimov has done little to foster a more transparent system that might attract investors and create jobs.
After causing a storm of speculation by alleging that Uzbek President Islam Karimov had suffered a heart attack in March, exiled opposition leader Muhammad Solih has said he sees no role for himself in a post-Karimov Uzbekistan.
In an interview with the Moscow-based Fergana News website published on May 16, Solih – who many feel discredited himself with the rumor – insisted his information on Karimov's heart attack and subsequent bedridden condition was accurate and said that Karimov’s appearance looking alive and well on state television several days after the reports surfaced did not contradict his information.
Solih said it had taken his group 15 hours to verify the heart attack and confirm it with "several sources" inside the Uzbek government. "According to our information, the day Karimov suffered a heart attack he had an argument with his daughter, Gulnara [Karimova]," Solih told Fergana News editor Daniil Kislov.
Solih explained that the argument between father and daughter was caused by Karimova’s "frivolous" behavior: Uzbekistan's powerful security service, the SNB, intercepted material compromising Karimova before it appeared in the Russian press to "save the family."
That part is certainly credible: Karimova is a dilettante, an aspiring pop star and fashion designer who posts sultry pictures of herself wearing negligee on the Internet: Enough to embarrass any father.
"And she is partially to blame for his suffering such an attack," Solih explained, "but I absolutely did not think that there would be such a fuss about the heart attack because something similar could happen to anyone."
Last month, it seemed for a few days that Uzbek leader Islam Karimov might be knocking at death’s door. Now comes word out of Uzbekistan that researchers are developing an elixir that they hope will prolong life.
Karimov, who turned 75 in January, was rumored to have suffered a massive heart attack in March, sparking much speculation about the issue of political succession in one of the world’s most authoritarian and repressive states. The rumor proved unfounded, as Karimov eventually resurfaced in public.
The Uzbek parliament's mouthpiece, the Narodnoye Slovo newspaper, reported on April 26 that researchers at the Uzbek Academy of Sciences' Tashkent-based Yunusov Institute of Chemistry of Plant Substances are working on creating an "elixir of eternal youthfulness." The newspaper quoted the institute's "leading researcher," Larisa Mezhlumyan, as saying that a preparation called "Gerofitol" supposedly rejuvenates the human body and prolongs life. The concoction is made from plants and is currently undergoing testing, Mezhlumyan told the newspaper.
Apparently, this is not the first case of Uzbek researchers developing a life-extending potion. The private 12news.uz website reported the same day that between 2003 and 2006 another Uzbek Academy of Sciences' institute - the Sadykov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry - developed a substance called "Tortezin" from the blood of the Central Asian tortoise. "Based on animal tests it was suggested that this preparation would be able to extend the life of an ordinary man to a minimum of 100 years," 12news.uz report said.