The history of the Caspian Basin in the post-Soviet era basically revolves around two things -- energy and ethnic conflict. This photo essay documents the economic and social ramifications of energy-sector development in Azerbaijan.
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Rena Effendi is an Azerbaijani freelance photojournalist and documentary photographer based in Cairo. Her earlier documentary work focused on the oil industry's effects on people's lives in her native Azerbaijan. As a result she followed the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline from Azerbaijan through Georgia to Turkey, collecting and photographing stories along the way. This work of six years was published in 2009 in her first book, "Pipe Dreams: A Chronicle of Lives Along the Pipeline." Several of the photos from her book are included in this reflective photo essay.