Japarov and his supporters have shown little compunction in using violence to try and achieve their ends, although the events in Bishkek today easily outstrip anything that has happened in this crisis to date.
Thousands of election posters and billboards have cropped up across Kyrgyzstan ahead of the October 4 vote for parliament. Photographer Alimjan Jorobaev documents the curious dissonance between electioneering optimism and real life.
A new party wants to be the voice of the urban intelligentsia. Alongside overhauls of the constitution, court system and security services, Reforma seeks to stop politicians with dubious work histories from obtaining state positions.