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Russia's Black Sea Neighbors Boosting Naval Cooperation

Turkish and Ukrainian warships carry out joint exercises near Odessa. (photo: MoD Ukraine)

Turkey's naval ships have made simultaneous port calls to all the Black Sea countries except Russia, in an apparent military-diplomatic show of force as tensions on the sea continue to simmer.

As part of this year's iteration of the annual Deniz Yildizi (Sea Star) exercises, Turkish ships made port calls over last weekend to Batumi (Georgia), Varna (Bugaria), Constanta (Romania), and Odessa (Ukraine). These countries, all engaged in conflicts with Russia of varying severity, are increasingly finding common cause on the Black Sea. Turkey, though, is the only naval power with anything close to Russia's strength.

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Russia's Black Sea Neighbors Boosting Naval Cooperation

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